دراسة في طبيعة المجتمع العراقي A Study of the Nature of Iraqi Society. by علي الوردي Ali al Wardi · Paperback. $$ In stock on August 28, Books shelved as ali-alwardi: خوارق اللاشعور by علي الوردي, شخصية الفرد العراقي by علي الوردي, مهزلة العقل البشري by علي الوردي, منطق ابن خلدون by علي ال. Ali al-Wardi is the author of Social Glimpses of Modern Iraqi History ( avg rating, 4 ratings, 0 reviews, published ) Ali al-Wardi’s books. Ali al-Wardi.

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Please try your request again later. Moreover, socially changing such attributes would be possible only if the social conditions that motivated them changed too. Withoutabox Submit to Film Festivals. For Al-Wardi, the old misguided logic, based on the premise that Man adopts his beliefs through his own free will, and reaches his decision through thought and vision, is a mistake that often leads to injustice, and it is unfair, for this reason, to punish people for beliefs instilled in them during their social upbringing.

Provide feedback about this page. He worked as Professor at the Universities of Baghdad and of Algiers and published many books and essays on Ali Al-Wardi and various philosophical and social issues in Arabic and in German. As far as Al-Wardi is concerned, personality is the centre-point of human nature; a mystery that the world has so far failed to unravel.

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Ali Al-Wardi and his critique of the human mind. By Ibrahim Al-Haidari * – Iraqi Economists Network

One of the negative aspects of rationalism is that it is also a product of the prevailing social culture in which human beings are reared, and through which their mental abilities develop. As for the worlds of astronomy, nuclear physics, the spirit and others, they are not among the instruments and standards that we are familiar with in our limited lives; we are entering a new era that has no place for axioms or general parameters.

Rather, he castigates the religious clergy who, through dressing up in religious garb, instrumentalize religion as a tool for their own ends. People who preached that the sooner Man amended his ways that his heart would be cleansed of its hatred and selfishness, and overnight he would become a happy contented individual. He grew up defying his family’s strict no-modern-education policy, where his father wanted him to learn a craft instead of reading books.

The Shia agreed with them on that aspect. He reproached them for believing that the human being was made of clay that they could mould and shape as they pleased Haidari— Al-Wardi connects the mind with the unconscious, both positively and negatively. Al-Wardi arrives at the conclusion alwarxi the more isolated the person is the more fanatical he becomes, and the weaker his mind becomes, because he only sees one facet of the truth.

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Furthermore, the productive scientific mind should remain alive and keep on thinking so that humanity can survive, and so human civilizations can advance booos prosper.

Notify me of follow-up comments by email. It was a subject he addressed in most of his books, with a view to understanding historical and social development, and the personality of the Iraqi individual. Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it a second life. Truth was not given in its final form but was amenable to change, unlike the Aristotelian logic that saw truth as constant and absolute aoi does not change in time or space.

According to Al-Wardi, this does not mean that there are no general and comprehensive truths like justice and injustice, since Man claims that justice and truth are so important to him that qli would sacrifice himself and his wealth for them.

The reason is that people have become used to seeing truth through the old Aristotelian prism as a unified whole, and, therefore, opinions, thought and attitudes are also expected to be a unified whole.

This page was last edited on 17 Decemberat Al-Wardi said that Ibn Khaldoun saw human nature as inconstant and changeable in tandem with the social circumstances in which the human being lives, and this also applies to human society. One of the factors that distinguish rationalism is its conviction that the mind is inadequate and capable of making mistakes. This key discovery in the history of philosophical thought rallied all the effective criticisms in order to extricate Man from his ignorance and failure, to make him doubtful and to alert him to the fact that the chronic ignorance that controls his mind had never been analyzed, critiqued or reviewed.

Not only does it invent the weapons with which to kill its enemies, it provides the excuses and rationales that justify killing them. Modern scientific research has, however, disproved this opinion; the mind only grows and matures in society. He later was appointed as a teacher in many elementary and high schools across Iraq, before winning a scholarship to the American University of Beirut where he received his Bachelor’s degree in Over a century ago, people believed that the earth was flat until science proved that it is round bools revolves around the sun.

If motives are internal mental states that regulate behaviour and give it meaning, then the rationality of a certain act could be ascertained in light of the motive that lies behind it, and offers an explanation for it. If we accept that the fanaticism of the mind changes in step with the changing circumstances and social environment, then Al-Wardi failed to realize that the human mind can change in tandem all social change and development, since society is in flux rather than static in time and space.


Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Most often, his thoughts revolve around endorsing this doctrine, and it is rare that an individual changes his beliefs apwardi on pure thought alone.

It stems from and develops within the confines of society, whereby the initial group among which a child is reared, plays an important part in shaping his personality.

Ibn Khaldoun studied human history realistically, isolated from the preaching style that had dominated social thought over several alwafdi. Breastfed by a doe, he grew up alone on the island until he became a grown man.

This is when it realizes that there are ideas, values and concepts different to those it invented.

Ali Al-Wardi

There are, in fact, motives that reveal the complete meaning behind these seemingly random occurrences, although the person who commits them is not aware of them. Retrieved from ” https: Popularity Popularity Featured Price: Freud — was the first in the modern era to develop a psychoanalytical theory that stresses the importance of instincts — the sexual instinct in particular — in shaping culture and personality.

It is also not a pure, alwardo or static tool that receives data like a computer; it is a mental activity made up of knowledge systems and their actual implementation.

The logic pursued by the old philosophers was deficient in two ways: There’s a problem loading this menu right now. These elements make him a rational human being; different from other living creatures.

He started from the premise that the old formal logic founded by Aristotle does not conform to reality. The mind is a power capable of understanding universals. This, he said, equally applied to the educated and uneducated alike. Mannheim underlines the idea that different groups see the truth from one side only, and that different interests, beliefs and values inevitably lead each group to see the truth from a different perspective. Al-Wardi said that this mental framework is not understood, and the reason why there is resistance to any new trend; there is initial oboks, but then ultimately this gives way to submission.

Man derives his morality vooks society and, in turn, society is subject to its own social, economic and political circumstances.